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OSHA Regulations

CPR & FIRST AID

Regulations (Standards - 29 CFR)
Medical services and first aid. - 1910.151

Medical Services and First Aid

1910.151(a)
The employer shall ensure the ready availability of medical personnel for advice
and consultation on matters of plant health.

1910.151(b)
In the absence of an infirmary, clinic, or hospital in near proximity to the workplace
which is used for the treatment of all injured employees, a person or persons shall be
adequately trained to render first aid. Adequate first aid supplies shall be readily available.

1910.151(c)
Where the eyes or body of any person may be exposed to injurious corrosive
materials, suitable facilities for quick drenching or flushing of the eyes and body shall be
provided within the work area for immediate emergency use. [63 FR 33450, June 18, 1998]

Appendix A to 1910.151 - First aid kits (Non-Mandatory)
First aid supplies are required to be readily available under paragraph 1910.151(b). An
example of the minimal contents of a generic first aid kit is described in American National
Standard (ANSI) Z308.1-1998 "Minimum Requirements for Workplace First-aid Kits.
" The contents of the kit listed in the ANSI standard should be adequate for small worksites.
When larger operations or multiple operations are being conducted at the same location,
employers should determine the need for additional first aid kits at the worksite, additional
types of first aid equipment and supplies and additional quantities and types of supplies and
equipment in the first aid kits.

In a similar fashion, employers who have unique or changing first-aid needs in their workplace
may need to enhance their first-aid kits. The employer can use the OSHA 200 log, OSHA
101's or other reports to identify these unique problems. Consultation from the local fire/rescue
department, appropriate medical professional, or local emergency room may be helpful to
employers in these circumstances. By assessing the specific needs of their workplace,
employers can ensure that reasonably anticipated supplies are available. Employers should
assess the specific needs of their worksite periodically and augment the first aid kit appropriately.

If it is reasonably anticipated that employees will be exposed to blood or other potentially
infectious materials while using first aid supplies, employers are required to provide appropriate
personal protective equipment (PPE) in compliance with the provisions of the Occupational
Exposure to Blood borne Pathogens standard, 1910.1030(d)(3) (56 FR 64175). This
standard lists appropriate PPE for this type of exposure, such as gloves, gowns, face shields,
masks, and eye protection. [63 FR 33450, June 18, 1998; 70 FR 1141, Jan. 5, 2005]

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EVACUATION

Regulations (Standards - 29 CFR)
Emergency action plans. - 1910.38

Emergency Action Plan

1910.38(a)
Application. An employer must have an emergency action plan whenever an OSHA standard
in this part requires one. The requirements in this section apply to each such emergency action plan.

1910.38(b)
Written and oral emergency action plans. An emergency action plan must be in writing, kept in
the workplace, and available to employees for review. However, an employer with 10 or fewer
employees may communicate the plan orally to employees.

1910.38(c)
Minimum elements of an emergency action plan. An emergency action plan must include at a minimum:

1910.38(c)(1)
Procedures for reporting a fire or other emergency;

1910.38(c)(2)
Procedures for emergency evacuation, including type of evacuation and exit route assignments;

1910.38(c)(3)
Procedures to be followed by employees who remain to operate critical plant operations before
they evacuate;

1910.38(c)(4)
Procedures to account for all employees after evacuation;

1910.38(c)(5)
Procedures to be followed by employees performing rescue or medical duties; and

1910.38(c)(6)
The name or job title of every employee who may be contacted by employees who need more
information about the plan or an explanation of their duties under the plan.

1910.38(d)
Employee alarm system. An employer must have and maintain an employee alarm system.
The employee alarm system must use a distinctive signal for each purpose and comply with
the requirements in 1910.165.

1910.38(e)
Training. An employer must designate and train employees to assist in a safe and orderly
evacuation of other employees.

1910.38(f)
Review of emergency action plan. An employer must review the emergency action plan with
each employee covered by the plan:

1910.38(f)(1)
When the plan is developed or the employee is assigned initially to a job;

1910.38(f)(2)
When the employee's responsibilities under the plan change; and

1910.38(f)(3)
When the plan is changed.

[45 FR 60703, Sept. 12, 1980; FR 67 67963, Nov. 7, 2002]

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